Scientific Papers

The H2FCSupergen’s hub researchers have produced a wealth of publications. Below you can find a selection of recent papers, sorted by research category.

Alternatively, you can find a  list of recent Hub publications by clicking through here.

Hydrogen Production

C Dueso, C Thompson, I S Metcalfe. High-stability, high-capacity oxygen carriers: iron oxide-perovskite composite materials for hydrogen production by chemical looping.


Hydrogen Storage

R F Bill, D Reed, D Book, P A Anderson. Effect of the calcium halides, CaCl2 and CaBr2, on hydrogen desorption in the Li–Mg–N–H system.

N Bimbo, W Xu, J E Sharpe, V P Ting, T J Mays. High-pressure adsorptive storage of hydrogen in MIL-101(Cr) and AX21 for mobile applications: cryocharging and cryokinetics.

A D Burrows, L C Fisher, T J Mays, S P Rigby, S E Ashbrook, R M Dawson. Post-synthetic modification of zinc metal-organic frameworks through palladium catalysed carbon-carbon bond formation. Journal of Organometallic Chemistry 792, 134-138 (2015).

R Liu, D Book. Mn-based borohydride synthesized by ball-milling KBH4 and MnCl2 for hydrogen storage.

L Morris, M L Trudeau, D Reed, D Book, D M Antonelli. Thermodynamically neutral Kubas-type hydrogen storage using amorphous Cr(III) alkyl hydride gels. 

J E Sharpe, N Bimbo, V P Ting, B Rechain, E Joubert, T J Mays. Modelling the potential of adsorbed hydrogen for use in aviation.

V P Ting, A J Ramirez-Cuesta, N Bimbo, J E Sharpe, A Noguera-Díaz, V Presser, S Rudic, T J Mays. Direct evidence for solid-like hydrogen in a nanoporous carbon hydrogen storage material at supercritical temperatures.


Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Storage

K  Fahy, A Kucernak, V. N. Naranammalpuram Sundaram. Facile synthesis of palladium phosphide electrocatalysts and their activity for the hydrogen oxidation, hydrogen evolutions, oxygen reduction and formic acid oxidation reactions. 

D Malko, T Lopes, E Symianakis, A Kucernak. The intriguing poison tolerance of non-precious metal oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) catalysts.

M Markiewicz, C Zalitis, A Kucernak. Performance measurements and modelling of the ORR on fuel cell electrocatalysts – the modified double trap model

C Zalitis, J Sharman, E Wright, A Kucernak. Properties of the hydrogen oxidation reaction on Pt/C catalysts at optimised high mass transport conditions and its relevance to the anode reaction in PEFCs and cathode reactions in electrolysers.


Policy and Socio-Economics

P Agnolucci, O Akgul, W McDowall, and L G Papageorgiou. The importance of economies of scale, transport costs and demand patterns in optimising hydrogen fuelling infrastructure: An exploration with SHIPMod (Spatial hydrogen infrastructure planning model).

G Anandarajah, and W McDowall. ‘Multi-cluster Technology Learning in TIMES: A Transport Sector Case Study with TIAM-UCL’. In Informing Energy and Climate Policies Using Energy Systems Models, edited by G. Giannakidis, et al.: Springer International Publishing (2015).

P Agnolucci, and W McDowall. Designing future hydrogen infrastructure: Insights from analysis at different spatial scales.

G Anandarajah, W McDowall, and P Ekins. Decarbonising road transport with hydrogen and electricity: Long term global technology learning scenarios.

P E Dodds. Integrating housing stock and energy systems models as a strategy to improve heat decarbonisation assessments.

P E Dodds. Economics of hydrogen production. Compendium of Hydrogen Energy: Hydrogen Production and Purification, eds. Subramani, V., Basile, A. and Veziroglu, T. N. Woodhead Publishing, London, UK.

P E Dodds, P Ekins. A portfolio of power-trains for the UK: an energy systems analysis.

P E Dodds. and W McDowall. Methodologies for representing the road transport sector in energy system models.

P E Dodds, et al. Hydrogen and fuel cell technologies for heating: a review.

P E Dodds. Optimising energy storage to balance high levels of intermittent renewable generation. IAEE conference, Pittsburgh, USA, October 2015.

P E Dodds, and S Demoullin. Conversion of the UK gas system to transport hydrogen. 

P E Dodds, W McDowall. The future of the UK gas network.

D Hart, J Howes, F Lehner, P E Dodds, N Hughes, B Fais, N Sabio, M Crowther. Scenarios for deployment of hydrogen in contributing to meeting carbon budgets and the 2050 target. Committee on Climate Change, London, UK.

W McDowall. Are scenarios of hydrogen vehicle adoption optimistic? A comparison with historical analogies.

W McDowall. Exploring possible transition pathways for hydrogen energy: A hybrid approach using socio-technical scenarios and energy system modelling.


Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

J T S Irvine, et al. Evolution of the electrochemical interface in high-temperature fuel cells and electrolysers.

D Neagu, et al. Nano-socketed nickel particles with enhanced coking resistance grown in situ by redox exsolution.

S Sengodan, et al. Layered oxygen-deficient double perovskite as an efficient and stable anode for direct hydrocarbon solid oxide fuel cells.

M C Verbraeken, C Cheung, E Suard, and J T S Irvine. High H-ionic conductivity in barium hydride.


Gathered here are notable reports and resources collated from across the hydrogen and fuel cell sector.

H2FC SUPERGEN are pleased to launch the UK’S first Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Research Capability Document.

UK Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Research Capability Document

This document aims to share capabilities and skills across the UK’s academic hydrogen and fuel cell research landscape.

Nearly 70 UK-based academics have contributed to this document. We hope that academics, industry and government, both in the UK and further afield, find this document useful and that it stimulates further collaboration.

In line with the ethos of H2FC SUPERGEN, we aim for the document to be as inclusive as possible, so if you are a UK-based academic working in the Hydrogen and Fuel Cell field and would like to be included, please contact Dr Zeynep Kurban at

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The Fuel Cell Industry Review 2016

Lead author: E4 Tech

The fuel cell ‘industry’ continues to grow, according to the numbers. We think the supply chain is starting to solidify, though it is far from robust, and much of the policy environment is positive. But the industry remains small, fragile, and almost entirely driven by government support.

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How Hydrogen Empowers the Energy Transition

Lead author: The Hydrogen Council

In this paper we explore the role of hydrogen in the energy transition, including its potential, recent
achievements, and challenges to its deployment. We also offer recommendations to ensure that the proper conditions are developed to accelerate the deployment of hydrogen technologies, with the support of policymakers, the private sector, and society.


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leedscitygateH21 Leeds City Gate Report 2016

Lead author: Northern Gas Networks

The H21 Leeds City Gate project is a study with the aim of determining the feasibility, from both a technical and economic viewpoint, of converting the existing natural gas network in Leeds, one of the largest UK cities, to 100% hydrogen. The project has shown that the gas network has the correct capacity for such a conversion and the existing heat demand for Leeds can be met using technology in use around the world today.

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kpmg2050energy2050 Energy Scenarios: the UK Gas Network’s role in a 2050 whole energy system

Lead author: KPMG

The use of gases such as hydrogen and biogas is technically feasible today. Much of the existing gas infrastructure can be used, thereby limiting the inconvenience of change for gas customers and society overall. The same fuel can supply both heat and transport. But conversion at scale will be logistically challenging, although it was carried out in the 1960s and 1970s.

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Next Steps for UK Heat Policy

Lead author: UK Committee on Climate Change

Government must set out the role of hydrogen for buildings on the gas grid in the next Parliament. The Government will need to make a set of decisions in the next Parliament and beyond on the best strategy for decarbonising buildings on the gas grid. Specifically, it will have to decide on whether there is a role for hydrogen supplied through existing gas networks (extending the useful life of the gas grid infrastructure) alongside other technologies such as heat pumps.

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fuel cell and hydrogen annual riverThe Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Annual Review, 2015

Lead author: 4th Energy Wave

This second edition of the 4th Energy Wave Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Annual Review takes an analytical lookat the development of both industries during 2014. Since the data has been gathered from primary interviewing of producers andmanufacturers, the 4th Energy Wave Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Annual Review contains the only nonestimated global dataset in the world.

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installing accessible refuelling stations coverInstalling accessible hydrogen refuelling stations

Lead authors: Element Energy and Innovate UK

This guide is aimed at Hydrogen Refuelling Station installers and was developed as part of the Innovate UK-supported London Hydrogen Network Expansion project, through which London’s second publicly accessible HRS was installed in early 2015. While this document focuses on the UK, references to guidance for other markets are also provided. This guide aims to provide recommendations for successfully installing customer-focused hydrogen refuelling stations.

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advancing Europe energy systems coverAdvancing Europe’s energy systems: stationary fuel cells in distributed generation

Lead author: Roland Berger Strategy Consultants

The present study outlines a pathway for commercialising stationary fuel cells in Europe. It produces acomprehensive account of the current and future market potential for fuel cell distributed energygeneration in Europe, benchmarks stationary fuel cell technologies against competing conventional technologies in a variety of use cases and assesses potential business models for commercialisation.

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Sectoral scenarios for the Fifth Carbon Budget

Lead author: The Committee on Climate Change

This technical report accompanies the Fifth Carbon Budget – The next step towards a low-carbon economy, the Committee’s published advice on the level of the fifth carbon budget. New infrastructures will be required to support the deployment of low-carbon technologies. As well as CO2 infrastructure, development of heat networks and electric vehicle charging networks will be required, and potentially infrastructure for hydrogen applications.

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