Research Reports

Institute: UCL

Hydrogen’s value in the energy system (HYVE)

Prof. Paul Ekins

This project is assessing the potential value of hydrogen to the UK. The researchers are estimating the potential demand for hydrogen in transport, industry, electricity and heat markets, as well as examining how hydrogen might be produced and supplied. At the end of the project, we will have a much clearer idea about how a transition to a hydrogen-fuelled economy could be brought about.

The first stage of the project has involved model improvement and scenario development. The option to build a hydrogen pipeline network has been added to the Spatial Hydrogen Infrastructure Planning model (SHIPMod). The UK electricity network model is now working and a gas model is under development. A first test scenario has been developed to examine potential hydrogen deployment and is being used to test the model soft-linking that is central to this project.

The website for the project can be found here, and a detailed Powerpoint presentation is available here.

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Institute: Bath

Hybrid Nanoporous Adsorption / High-pressure Gas Hydrogen Storage Tanks

Dr Tim Mays (University of Bath)

The project aims to determine how nanoporous adsorbents may be incorporated into Type IV high-pressure gas tanks (operating at ~70 MPa and ~298 K) to enhance hydrogen capacity in transport applications, optimise storage conditions and confer additional benefits in terms of thermal and mechanical properties.

If the project ideas work, tank safety may be improved – contributing to better personal and property protection for hydrogen-fuelled vehicles.

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Institute: UCL

Real-time H2 purification and monitoring for efficient and durable fuel cell vehicles

Prof Xiao Guo

This project aims to develop a hybrid system that has both an in-situ gas purification system to reduce H2 fuel cost for HFCs, and complex metal oxide sensors (CMOS) for real-time impurity monitoring to reduce cell maintenance costs and extend the lifetime of HFCs. The research outcome from this collaborative project can pave the way for rapid de-carbonisation of our transport system.

Already the researchers have developed,

  • Sensors measuring FC-poisonous gasses of NO2, H2S and CO at 10-250 ppb, 1-5ppm and 1-100 ppm levels respectively in air and lean oxygen environments (>0.5% O2).
  • Porphyrin-type porous polymer with iron (Fe) centers that show greater affinity to carbon monoxide (CO), so that ppm level CO can be removed from hydrogen gas.