Research Reports

Institute: Nottingham

Engineering safe and efficient hydride-based technologies

Prof David Grant

The aim of the project is to investigate and optimise metal hydride based technologies that are extremely compact but also have a high level of safety. A modular design will be adopted, where a module is sized for the smallest application (i.e. daily top-up for a commuter vehicle) capable of scale up.

The objective is to get 1) a MH store with a tank capacity up to 60 g(H2) L-1 exploring container to the bed formulation, heat transfer and recovery mechanisms, economically viable store materials, container and fabrication methods, to demonstrate mass deployment feasibility and 2) a MH cascade for compressing hydrogen from 10 to 350 bars.

It is anticipated that when the prototype compressor is completed it will be used in the University of Nottingham’s Energy Technologies Building as a demonstrator for wider acceptance of hydrogen technology for academic and public visitors.

For an extensive presentation on the project’s current progress, click here.


Institute: Ulster

Integrated safety strategies for on-board hydrogen storage systems

Dr Dmitriy Makarov

This project aims to develop novel safety strategies and engineering solutions for on-board hydrogen storage. It will do this through,

  1. critical analysis of current safety strategies and engineering solutions,
  2. CFD and FEM study,
  3. experimental studies of fire resistance for prototype designs,
  4. evaluation of the mass flow-rate reduction achievable with increased fire resistance of the tank,
  5. the development of novel liner materials and engineering solutions for safe storage.

The increased fire resistance rating of hydrogen storage tanks will allow industry to decrease the exit diameter of pressure relief devices, thus reducing destructive pressure peaking phenomenon, and deterministic separation distances.

So far the project has experimentally confirmed a major increase in the fire resistance of an on-board 700 bar hydrogen storage tank, from 8 min to above 110 min.

View Powerpoint